# 1.39

## Exercise 1.39: A continued fraction representation of the tangent function was published in 1770 by the German mathematician J.H. Lambert:

$tan x = \frac{x}{1 - \frac {x^2}{3 - \frac{x^2}{5-\cdots}}}$

## where x is in radians. Define a procedure (tan-cf x k) that computes an approximation to the tangent function based on Lambert’s formula. k specifies the number of terms to compute, as in Exercise 1.37.

Let's first review the general continued fraction:

$f = \frac{N_1}{D_1 + \frac{N_2}{D_2 + \frac{N_3}{D_3 + \cdots}}}$

Here, $f = tan, f(x) = tan(x)$. And $D_1 = 1, D_2 = 3, D_3 = 5, \cdots$,

while $N_1(x) = x^1, N_2(x)=-x^2, N_3(x)=-x^2, \cdots$.

Firstly we can define d as:

(define (d i) (- (* 2 i) 1))

(d 3)


Then we can define n as:

(define (n i x)
(if (= i 1)
x
(- (* x x))))
(n 1 3)

(n 2 3)

(n 3 3)

(n 4 3)


Now, let's define tan-cf based on cont-frac:

(define (cont-frac n d k x)
(define (g i k)
(if (= i k) (/ (n k x) (d k))
(/ (n i x) (+ (d i) (g (+ i 1) k)))
)
)

(g 1 k)
)

(define (tan-cf x k)
(cont-frac n
d
k
x)
)

(tan-cf 3 30)


Compare the result with

(tan 3)